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Friday, February 5, 2016

PAPER II PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY Dr. MGR University 2013 -2015 Question Papers

Dr. MGR University AUGUST 2013 Question Paper
Subject : PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY

[LD 0212]  Sub. Code: 1912
B.Sc. RADIOTHERAPY TECHNOLOGY
SECOND YEAR
PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY
Q.P. Code: 801912
Time : Three Hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions
I. Elaborate on: (3 x 10 = 30)
 1. Explain the radiotherapy planning and treatment for advanced carcinoma esophagus.
 2. Explain the planning, setup and delivery of cranio-spinal irradiation.
 3. Explain setup errors in radiotherapy. How does it influence therapy?
 How can you reduce it?
II. Write notes on: (8 x 5 = 40)
 1. Explain Pont A and Point B with respect to cervical cancer.
 2. Explain the role of electron beam in cancer treatment.
 3. Explain the use of radiotherapy for hemostasis.
 4. What is squamous cell carcinoma? How does it spread?
 5. What are the types of brachytherapy? Mention suitable examples.
 6. What is radiation proctitis? How can it be prevented?
 7. What is Mantle filed radiotherapy?
 8. Explain the radiotherapy planning for palliation of brain secondaries.
III. Short Answers on: (10 x 3 = 30)
 1. How do you plan for axillary treatment in post mastectomy radiotherapy?
 2. How do we measure quality of life in cancer care?
 3. Mention 2 late effects of radiation treatment and steps to prevent it?
 4. What is Superior Venacaval Obstruction?
 5. Describe the radiotherapy field for T1 glottic cancer.
 6. What is TNM staging?
 7. What is meant by Remote after loading techniques?
 8. What are occupational cancers? Mention two examples.
 9. What is breast self examination (BSE)?
10. What is the effect of radiation on reproductive organs?
*******

Dr. MGR University FEBRUARY 2014 Question Paper
Subject : PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY

[LE 0212] Sub. Code: 1912
B.Sc. RADIOTHERAPY TECHNOLOGY
SECOND YEAR
PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY
Q.P. Code: 801912
Time : Three Hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions
I. Elaborate on: (3 x 10 = 30)
 1. Explain IGRT in relation to carcinoma prostate.
 2. What is the role of brachytherapy in cervical cancer? Explain the technique
 in use at your institution.
 3. Explain the radiotherapy planning and delivery for advanced oropharyngeal cancer?
II. Write notes on: (8 x 5 = 40)
 1. How do you differentiate a malignant growth from a benign growth?
 2. What is Total Body Irradiation? Explain its role cancer treatment.
 3. Explain the radiotherapy planning for palliation of painful vertebral metastasis.
 4. What is radio iodine therapy?
 5. Explain the concurrent chemotherapy in cervical cancer, its effects and side effects?
 6. Explain the use of radiotherapy for hemostasis.
 7. How do you treat the posterior neck in conventional head and neck radiotherapy?
 8. How do you take care of the skin during radiotherapy?
III. Short Answers on: (10 x 3 = 30)
 1. Illustrate the cell survival curve according to LQ model?
 2. What is the etiology of oral cancer?
 3. What is a cancer vaccine? Provide an example.
 4. What are the stochastic effects of radiotherapy?
 5. What is a MUPIT? What is it used for?
 6. What is an Intravenous pyelogram? Mention its purpose in radiotherapy.
 7. What are the organs at risk in head and neck cancer radiotherapy?
 8. Mention 4 unsealed radio isotopes used for therapy.
 9. What are the possible sites of spread for breast cancer?
10. Why do we correct anemia in patients before radiotherapy is initiated?
*******

Dr. MGR University AUGUST 2014 Question Paper
Subject : PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY

[LF 0212]  Sub. Code: 1912
B.Sc. RADIOTHERAPY TECHNOLOGY
SECOND YEAR
PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY
Q.P. Code: 801912
Time : Three Hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions
I. Elaborate on: (3 x 10 = 30)
 1. Discuss in detail about the radiation tolerance of normal tissues.
 2. Write in detail about Carcinoma Oesophagus – Its diagnosis, staging and
 treatment procedures.
 3. Describe in detail the different techniques used in the treatment of
 Carcinoma Cervix using Radiation.
II. Write notes on: (8 x 5 = 40)
 1. Do all cancers spread? If so, what are the routes of spread?
 2. Compare benign and malignant tumours.
 3. Name the cancers which are treated without TNM classification.
 4. What are the common problems encountered during the treatment of head and
 neck cancers using Radiotherapy?
 5. Write a note post-Radiotherapy sequelae in brain tumours.
 6. Radiotherapy induced mediastinal fibrosis – Explain briefly.
 7. Write a note on Lehermitte’s syndrome.
 8. What are tumours of the oral cavity?
III. Short Answers on: (10 x 3 = 30)
 1. What is biopsy?
 2. What is TNM classification?
 3. Name a few tumours that are common in children.
 4. Difference between benign and malignant tumours.
 5. List a few tobacco-induced cancers.
 6. Effects of Radiation on GI tract.
 7. What is mediastinal syndrome?
 8. What are the parts of the body that cannot be affected by cancer?
 9. Mention the types of skin cancer.
10. What is the most common histopathology of the oral cavity?
*******

Dr. MGR University FEBRUARY 2015 Question Paper
Subject : PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY

[LG 0215] Sub. Code: 1912
B.Sc. RADIOTHERAPY TECHNOLOGY
SECOND YEAR
PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY
Q.P. Code: 801912
Time : Three Hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions
I. Elaborate on: (3 x 10 = 30)
 1. Linear accelerator and compare its clinical utility with a Cobalt-60 tele-therapy unit.
 2. Cell cycle and radiation cell kill.
 3. Radiation effects on skin and its management.
II. Write notes on: (8 x 5 = 40)
 1. Setup errors.
 2. Carcinogenesis.
 3. PET scan.
 4. Mantle field radiotherapy.
 5. Brachytherapy loading techniques.
 6. The oxygen effect in radiotherapy.
 7. Intra-fractional errors.
 8. BED.
III. Short Answers on: (10 x 3 = 30)
 1. Stochastic effect of radiation.
 2. Care of oral mucosa during head and neck radiotherapy.
 3. Photo electric effect.
 4. Therapeutic ratio.
 5. Cs 137.
 6. ALARA.
 7. Informed Consent.
 8. Survival curve.
 9. Effect of Radiotherapy on reproductive organs.
10. Planning Target Volume.
*******

Dr. MGR University AUGUST 2015 Question Paper
Subject : PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY

[LH 0815] Sub. Code: 1912
B.Sc. RADIOTHERAPHY TECHNOLOGY
SECOND YEAR
PAPER II – PRINCIPLES OF RADIOTHERAPY
Q.P. Code: 801912
Time : Three Hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions
I. Elaborate on: (3 x 10 = 30)
 1. Early and late reaction on skin due to radiation.
 2. Write in detail about Carcinoma Oesophagus – Its diagnosis, staging and
 treatment procedures.
 3. Tumor Staging workup and TNM.
II. Write notes on: (8 x 5 = 40)
 1. What is radiation proctitis? How it can be prevented?
 2. Compare benign and malignant tumours.
 3. Name the cancers which are treated without TNM classification.
 4. Write a detailed note on thyroid cancer.
 5. What are occupational cancers? Explain any two examples.
 6. Radiotherapy induced mediastinal fibrosis.
 7. Write a note on Lehermitte’s syndrome.
 8. What are tumours of the oral cavity?
III. Short Answers on: (10 x 3 = 30)
 1. What is meant by quality of life in cancer care?
 2. What is biopsy?
 3. Name a few tumours that are common in children.
 4. What is a cancer vaccine? Give an example.
 5. List a few tobacco-induced cancers.
 6. Effects of Radiation on GI tract.
 7. What is mediastinal syndrome?
 8. What are the parts of the body that cannot be affected by cancer?
 9. Mention the types of skin cancer.
10. What are the possible sites of spread of breast cancer?
*******

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